India is going to celebrate 74 years of Independence on August 15, 2020. Here is a list of everything ‘firsts’ that happened in India post Independence(1961-1965).
An easy and quick go through to update your historical knowhow.
We have tried to present an easy date and year wise facts/events post independence(1961-1965).
21 January – Queen Elizabeth II start of Royal visit.
12 July – Panshet Dam bursts in Pune causing a massive flood in the city of Pune. Over 1,000 people die.
1 November – The Hungry generation movement is launched in Calcutta.
17 December – India reclaims Goa.
18 December – India reclaims Portuguese colonies of Goa, Daman and Diu.
19 December – Goa is officially ceded to India after 400 years of Portuguese rule.
The Tenth and Eleventh Amendments of the Constitution of India (1961)
Anti dowry Act (1961)
3 April – Jawaharlal Nehru is elected de facto Prime Minister of India.
6 May – India defeats the Philippines in the Eastern Zone final of 1962 Davis Cup at New Delhi.
28 July – A locust swarm threatens New Delhi.
21 September – A border conflict between China and India erupts into fighting.
10 October – Beginning of the Sino-Indian War, a border dispute involving two of the world’s largest nations (between India and the People’s Republic of China).
20 October – Chinese troops invade Kashmir and capture Aksai China.
21 November – China withdraws troops from South Tibet and orders ceasefire along the McMahon Line.
19 December – The last foreign-occupied territory of India, Daman and Diu, is integrated into India.
The twelfth and Thirteenth Amendment of The Constitution of India.
The Supreme Court of India mandates that reservation should not exceed 50% for any institution.
Theft of the Holy Relic from the Hazratbal Shrine.
27 May – Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru dies after a five-month illness; he is succeeded by Lal Bahadur Shastri.
The Vishva Hindu Parishad is founded.
Hazratbal disappearance episode.
The Seventeenth Amendment of the Constitution of India.
IDBI Bank has established.
2 September – Indian Hungry generation poets arrested on charges of conspiracy against the State and Obscenity in literature.
National Film Archive of India established in Pune.
Charanjeet Singh (hockey player) is awarded the Padma Shri.
26 January 1950– Hindi becomes the official language of India.
26 January – Anti-Hindi agitations break out in India because of which Hindi does not get “National Language” status and remains one of the 23 Official Languages of India.
24 February – English is adopted as an associate language in dealings between the Central government and the non Hindi speaking states.
20 March – First fighting in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 between West Pakistan and India only.
29 May – 1965 Dhanbad coal mine disaster – A mining accident in Dhanbad, India kills 274.
5 August – War begins between India and Pakistan.
2 September – Kashmir is declared an “Integral Part of India” and is not a “disputed territory”, later responded by the Pakistani troops entering the Indian sector of Kashmir.
6 September – Indian troops attempt to invade Lahore.
6 September – 22 September – A full-scale Indo-Pakistani war is fought over Kashmir, which ends after a UN Security Council calls for a ceasefire on 20 September.
8 September – India opens two additional fronts against Pakistan.
9 September – U.N. Secretary General U Thant negotiates with Pakistan President Ayub Khan.
16 September – China protests against Indian provocations in its border region.
18 September – Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin invites the leaders of India and Pakistan to meet in the Soviet Union to negotiate.
22 September – Radio Peking announces that Indian troops have dismantled their equipment on the Chinese side of the border.
24 September – Fighting resumes between Indian and Pakistani troops.
1 December – The Border Security Force is formed as a special force to guard the borders.
Full date unknown
Femina Miss India held for the first time.