‘Firsts’ of Indian history post Independence (1956-1960)

We bet you didn’t know about.

India is going to celebrate 74 years of Independence on August 15, 2020. Here is a list of everything ‘firsts’ that happened in India post Independence(1956-1960).

An easy and quick go through to update your historical know-how.

We have tried to present an easy date and year wise facts/events post independence(1956-1960).



8 March – M. Ananthasayanam Ayyangar handles the charge as Lok Sabha Speaker.


20 March – Sardar Hukam Singh handles the charge as Lok Sabha Deputy Speaker.


21 July – The 6.1 Ms  Anjar earthquake shook Gujarat with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), killing 115 and injuring 254.


1 September – LIC of India began its Journey as a Pillar of Financial Backbone of India.


14 October – Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, Indian Untouchable leader, converts to Buddhism along with 385,000 followers.


15 October – Kerala Sahithya Academy, Academy for Malayalam literature, is inaugurated by Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, the former king of Travancore.


1 November – The States Reorganisation Act of India reformed the boundaries and names of Indian states.


6 December – B. R. Ambedkar, nationalist, jurist, Dalit political leader and a Buddhist revivalist,passed away.


Exact date unknown

Gentlemen’s agreement of Andhra Pradesh (1956) signed.



India passes a bill making Kashmir under its control as part of the Union.


5 April – First elected government of Kerala. Communist Party of India won the elections and E. M. S. Namboodiripad became the first chief minister of united Kerala.


Parliament passes the Copyright Act of 1957.


Balbir Singh Sr. became the first hockey player to be awarded the Padma Shri.



18 to 20 May – The 16th Session of Indian Labour Congress was held at New Delhi.


11 September – The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 is passed by the Parliament.


1 October – The Standards of Weights and Measures Act took effect.


Kunwar Digvijay Singh Babu (field hockey player) is awarded the Padma Shri.


Milkha Singh (field athletics player) had won the gold medal.



Bajaj Auto obtains license from Government of India to manufacture two- and three-wheelers in India.


Eighth Amendment of the Constitution of India.


India grants political asylum to the Dalai Lama after he flees from Tibet.



1 May – Gujarat State and Maharashtra State are formed from the State of Bombay as laid down by the States Reorganisation Act.


1 May – In India, 1 May is declared as ‘Maharashtra Divas’, i.e., Maharashtra Day (the same day is also celebrated as ‘Kamgar Divas’, i.e., Workers Day) or ‘Gujarat Diwas’.


1 May – Yashwantrao Chavan took oath as the 1st Chief Minister of Maharashtra.


20 June – Maharashtra State Electricity Board formed.


The ninth amendments of the Constitution of India.


Full date unknown

Air India enters the United States with flights to New York.


Bajaj Auto goes public.


Goa, Diu and Daman were freed from Portuguese rule and became parts of the Indian federation.

Written by Reincarnating Raipur

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Indian History 1961-65

‘Firsts’ of Indian history post Independence (1961-1965)